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Procedures Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease

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Periodontal Disease
Stages of Periodontal Disease
Treatments for Periodontal Disease
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Periodontal Disease

According to the World Health Organization, 85% of adults in the United States have periodontal disease, commonly referred to as gum disease.   Periodontal disease is an inflammation of the gums and if left untreated, can cause loss of teeth.  Periodontal disease is a painless infectious disease and is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.  Periodontal disease can develop as early as adolescence - even children are acceptable to gingivitis if they don't practice proper home care.  Men are more likely to have periodontal disease than women.

Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become inflamed.  Periodontal disease is classified into four stages of periodontal disease.

Symptom for periodontal disease include

  • Red and swollen gums
  • Gums bleed when you brush or floss
  • Gums have pulled away from teeth (receding gum line)
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Teeth seem to be loose or moving
  • Tender gums
  • Bad breath is persistent
  • Space developing between teeth

The earlier treatment begins for periodontal disease the more likely a full recovery without permanent damage.



periodontal disease

Stages of Periodontal Disease

1.      Gingivitis - early stages of periodontal disease.  During this stage you notice gum tenderness, some bleeding when brushing or flossing.  There is usually little or no discomfort.

2.      Early Periodontitis - during this stage there is a minor loss of attachment or pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) develop.

3.      Moderate Periodontitis - This stage deep pockets develop with 30 - 50% of loss of bone support and teeth are loose

4.      Advance Periodontitis - sever pockets depth and or recession of gum line with 50% loss of bone support and teeth move around

Several factors increase your odds of developing periodontal disease according to the American Dental Association

  • Genetic predisposition (your parents have or had periodontal disease)
  • Use of tobacco products
  • You grind your teeth
  • Some medications
  • Preterm baby with low birth weight
  • Hormonal fluctuations (includes pregnancy, menopause, etc.)
  • Alzheimer's patients
  • Diabetes Type II
  • Osteoporosis disease (progressive loss of bone density)
  • Cardiovascular disease

Not only is periodontal disease the #1 reason for tooth loss in adults, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, weakened immune system and increased risk during pregnancy (higher risk of low birth weight babies or premature birth).

Ways to Help Prevent Periodontal Disease

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day
  • Floss once a day
  • Rinse your mouth with water or mouth wash after eating
  • Have regular dental exams and cleanings
  • Do not smoke or use tobacco products
  • Eat health balanced meals; avoid sweets and soda pops, which can erode enamel.

Treatments for Periodontal Disease

After a dental exam, Lafayette Dental Arts will recommend one of the following treatments depending on the stage of periodontal disease

  • Non-surgical
    • Periodontal rinse - medicated mouth wash
    • Scaling - tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line
    • Root planning - a procedure to clean out the pockets where plaque grows
    • Antibiotics - oral medication used to help fight the infection
    • Bite correction
  • Surgical: Advanced periodontal disease requires gum surgery.  A periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone) maybe utilized in sever cases.


If you haven't been to the dentist in a long time and you think you may have periodontal disease, call Lafayette Dental Arts for an appointment.  The sooner periodontal disease is treated the less long-term damage.

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